Formula 1

CONTENTS
Page
Introduction
Formula 1 Overview
Formula 1 Racing General Information
Racing Strategies
Chassis
Aerodynamics
Construction
Brakes
Wheels and Tires
Safety
Safety Features of the Car
Safety Devices of the Drivers
Powertrain
Engine
Technology
Materials
Transmission:
Technology
Cockpit Instruments
Switches:
Displays and lights:
Steering wheel and pedals:
Conclusion
References
Car Specifications and Performance Figures
Comparison with a passenger vehicle:
APPENDICES
A Technical Specification -Williams Renault FW19 Formula 1 Racing Car
B Technical Specifications -Renault V10 RS9 Engine
Summary
Formula 1 racing has become the second most watched sporting event in the world. Many
of the spectators do not know realize how much research and testing goes into a Formula
1 racing car. Many people are unaware of how technical and computerized these cars are.

These cars are made of new space age materials and test new types of systems on the car.
A Formula 1 car is one of the safest cars in the world. The cars are constantly
being used to test out new safety features and improving the existing ones. The engines
are used to test new computer systems that control vital functions.
There are many aspects of Formula 1 that go not behind scenes. These might just
be more interesting that watching the Formula 1 cars race.
The Technology Behind Formula 1 Racing
INTRODUCTION
The sport of Formula 1 racing is one of the most technical and advanced sports in
the world. Formula 1 racing cars utilize new technology to constantly improve in the areas
of performance and safety. This sport is responsible for the development of safety features
that you would find today on a commercial passenger vehicle. Formula 1 racing is an
international sport that is followed by millions throughout the world. Each year about 10
different race teams and 20 racing cars compete for the Formula 1 World Championship
and Constructors Championship.

The chassis of the current Formula 1 cars is made of aluminum tubing and
composite material of carbon-fiber and aluminum honeycomb. It supports four wheels, the
brakes, suspension and a rear mounted engine. The chassis contains many safety features.

Over the years the safety of Formula 1 cars has increased and as a result, todays cars are
superior to previous models in the 1980’s. Formula 1 cars contain safety features such as a
roll bar, puncture proof fuel cell and a five point safety belt. The drivers wear fire proof
clothing to protect them in case of a fire. A Formula 1 racing car has many onboard
computers to control everything from brakes to the engine. There are also many
restrictions on minimum lengths and weights. Formula 1 racing remains one of the most
technical and computerized sports in the world.
This is a report which provides information on Formula 1 racing in general as well
as the chassis, safety features, engines and electronics in the cockpit of a Formula 1 car.
General Information on Formula 1 Racing
Formula 1 racing is an international sport with races called Grand Prixs being held
throughout the world. These are held in Canada, Japan, Australia and many of the
European countries. The drivers are also from many different countries. Formula 1 races
are held on race tracks that are called “street courses” because there are both left and right
turns. These tracks have an average length of six kilometers and it takes a Formula 1 car
about two minutes to do a lap for an average speed of 300 km/h. Most of these tracks
have long straight sections and tight turns.
A Formula car must have an open-wheel design (Fig. 1-1). This means that the
wheels cannot be covered by sheet metal. The engine is mounted behind the driver, and it
powers only the rear wheels.
A Formula 1 racing team consists of two race cars with crews and drivers for each
car. These teams are responsible for designing the chassis of the car. A separate company
makes the engines. For example, Jacques Villeniuve’s team is Williams and his teammate
is Heinz-Harold Frentzen. The Renault company that supplies the engines for Team
Williams. Each year the teams compete for the Drivers World Championship and the
Constructors Championship. Usually there are about 17 races per year. In each race the
teams have an opportunity to receive points for each of the championships. The first six
positions of each race are awarded points; these points are given to each driver and team
with the winner of the race receiving the most points. The driver with the most points at
the end of the year is declared the world champion and the team with the most points wins
the constructors